Composition and lighting are fundamental cornerstones of photography. We all know good light is key to capturing amazing photos.
Flash photography allows controlling indoor photography lighting conditions using artificial light, your camera’s flash, and even reflectors. Outdoor lighting, however, can’t be controlled, so you have to work with what nature gives you.
One gift it does give is the golden hour (or ‘magic hour’); a short window of magical light that happens twice a day (provided the weather is not overcast).
When Is the Golden Hour?
So what is the golden hour in photography?
it’s the period of time shortly after sunrise or before sunset. The duration depends on the seasons and your location, as well as the local weather.
It’s essentially the warm sunlight that occurs when the sun is between the horizon and 6 degrees above it. This is greatly influenced by the time of year and location.
Northerly places, such as Iceland and Norway, are famous for their exceptionally long sunrises and sunsets. The golden hour in winter and summer lasts much longer than an hour in such locations.
Destinations closer to the equator, on the other hand, are known for their swift sunrises and sunsets; they’ll experience much shorter golden hours.
Golden Hour Characteristics
How do you find the golden hour? There are three key features of the golden hour, all of which combine to create amazing photographic conditions.
- Warm colors: sunlight is in the orange and yellow range of the color spectrum during the golden hour, which is why it’s called that.
- Low angle of the sun: this is what defines the golden hour. A low angle creates softer light and longer shadows.
- Diffused light: when the sun is close to the horizon, light has to travel further than when it’s high in the sky. The atmosphere acts like a light diffuser, which makes the light less intense and ‘softer’. It reduces harsh contrast, which makes it easier to capture an evenly exposed image. It also filters out blue light to give mainly warm colors.